"Open access is not a mere buzzword in government; it is actually policy, such as the policy on free and open source software use in government. But the Act works against such policies. It promotes software patents so that software can be commercially exploited. Rens points to the major problem with this: "This requires universities and research councils to obtain software patents; however, SA patent law does not permit software patents." An oversight, maybe? So, in the future we could see declines in innovation emanating from publicly-funded research as the focus on profit and IP management stifles research. But, we could see increases in research and development coming from the public domain as public servants view profit from patents as incentives for further innovation. Let's hope for the latter."