"Some standards activity (e.g. 3GPP) has a long history of royalty-bearing standards inherent in the standards process. While some of us might regard this as ethically suspect, it's real and it needs accommodating. Therefore I suggest modifying the proposal to say "which are required by international (i.e. ISO, IEC or ITU) standards or national regulations where the patents were not disclosed during the standardisation process". This live-and-let-live compromise is likely to avoid the attacks that would otherwise be inevitable from, for example, the mobile telephony industry."