"The broad and abstract nature of software patents makes infringement unavoidable, and most software systems unavoidably infringe on multiple patents. All companies ignore software patents to some extent, simply because every single useful program you write infringes on several patents. The IPRED (1) Directive gave patent litigants great powers to harass software producers, seize documents and freeze assets. Harsh measures which are justified against commercial piracy enterprises, not against legitimate entrepreneurs. One could say that the Directive enhances legal security for right owners by introducing new legal insecurity for competitors. […] ACTA, by exporting the harsh sanctions of the IPRED1 directive, will just do the opposite."